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 Azizah Y. al-Hibri
Azizah Y. al-Hibri
Professor Emerita of Law
Founder and Chair, KARAMAH: Muslim Women Lawyers for Human Rights

Professor Azizah al-Hibri is a Professor Emerita at the Law School, having served on the faculty from 1992 until her retirement in 2012. Her work has centered on developing an Islamic jurisprudence and body of Islamic law that are gender equitable and promote human rights and democratic governance. Professor al-Hibri has authored numerous book chapters, essays, and law review articles on these subjects, and her work has appeared in the highly respected Journal of Law and ReligionHarvard International Review, and University of Pennsylvania Journal of Constitutional Law, among other venues. In 2011, Professor al-Hibri was appointed by President Obama to serve as a commissioner on the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom. She received the Virginia First Freedom Award from the Council for America's First Freedom in 2007, the Dr. Betty Shabazz Recognition Award from Women in Islam in 2006, and the University of Richmond's Distinguished Educator Award in 2004, and was named a Fulbright scholar in 2001. Professor al-Hibri is the founding editor of Hypatia: A Journal of Feminist Philosophy, and founder and president of the organization KARAMAH: Muslim Women Lawyers for Human Rights.

Presenter, "Faith, Values and Lawyering in the 21st Century: Failure of the Compartmentalization Approach," Legal Ethics at a Time of Regulatory Change, International Legal Ethics Conference (July 2014)
Bar Admissions
New York
District of Columbia
Professional Experience
Professor Emerita of Law (2012 - present)
University of Richmond School of Law, Richmond, VA
Professor of Law (1998 - 2012)
University of Richmond School of Law, Richmond, VA
Associate Professor of Law (1992 - 1998)
University of Richmond School of Law, Richmond, VA
Associate (1987 - 1992)
Debevoise & Plimpton, New York, NY
Associate (1986 - 1987)
Sullivan & Cromwell, New York, NY
Visiting Scholar (1985 - 1985)
Harvard Divinity School and Center for the Study of World Religions
Summer Associate (1984 - 1984)
Davis Polk & Wardwell, New York, NY
Summer Intern for Judge Louis H. Pollak (1983 - 1983)
United States District Court
Summer Intern for Judge William F. Hall Jr. (1983 - 1983)
United States District Court
Visiting Associate Professor, Philosophy (1975 - 1983)
Texas A&M University
Journal Articles

An Islamic Perspective on Domestic Violence, 27 Fordham International Law Journal 195 (2003).

Foreword, 8 Washington and Lee Race and Ethnic Ancestry Law Journal 1 (2002).

Introduction, Journal of Law & Religion xi (2000).

Islamic and American Constitutional Law: Borrowing Possibilities or a History of Borrowing?, 1 University of Pennsylvania Journal of Constitutional Law 492 (1999).

Legal Reform: Reviewing Human Rights in the Muslim World, 20 Harvard International Law Journal 50 (1998).

Islam, Law and Custom: Redefining Muslim Women's Rights, American University Journal of International Law and Policy (1997).

On Being a Muslim Corporate Lawyer, 27 Texas Tech Law Review 947 (1996).

The Muslim Perspective on the Clergy-Penitent Privilege, 29 Loyola of Los Angeles Law Review 1723 (1996).

Islamic Constitutionalism and the Concept of Democracy, 24 Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law 28 (1992).


Islamic Worldview: Islamic Jurisprudence, An American Muslim Perspective 1 (American Bar Association Book Publishing) (2015).

Sex, Marriage and Family in World Religions (Columbia University Press) (Don Browning et al., eds.) (2006).

Religion in American Public Life: Living with Our Deepest Differences (with Jean Elshtain et al.) (2001).

Hypatia Reborn: Essays in Feminist Philosophy (Indiana University Press) (Margaret Simons) (1990).

Women and Islam (ed.) (Pergamon Press (Oxford)) (1982).

Technology and Human Affairs (Mosby Incorporated) (Larry Hickman) (1981).

Deontic Logic: A Comprehensive Appraisal and a New Proposal (University Press of America) (1978).

Book Chapters

Marriage and Divorce: Legal Foundations, in The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Muslim World (Oxford ) (2009).

Islam, in Sex, Marriage, and Family In World Religions (Columbia University Press) (Raja' El Habti) (March 2009).

Divine Justice and Human Order: An Islamic Perspective, in Humanity Before God: Contemporary Faces of Jewish, Christian, and Islamic Ethics (William Schweiker et al., eds.) (2006).

The Nature of the Islamic Marriage: Sacramental, Covenantal, or Contractual, in Covenant Marriage in Comparative Perspective (John Witte et al., eds.) (2005).

Hagar on My Mind, in Philosophy, Feminism, and Faith (2003).

Redefining Muslim Women's Roles in the Next Century, in Democracy and the Rule of Law (2001).

Standing at the Precipice: Faith in the Age of Science and Technology, in Religion in American Public Life: Living with Our Deepest Differences (Jean Elshtain et al., eds.) (2001).

Deconstructing Patriarchal Jurisprudence in Islamic Law: A Faithful Approach, in Global Critical Race Feminism: An International Reader (New York University Press ) (with Adrien Wing) (2000).

Is Western Patriarchal Feminism Good for Third World/Minority Women?, in Is Multiculturalism Bad for Women? (Princeton University Press) (Susan Olkin, ed.) (1999).

Islamic Law and Muslim Women in America, in One Nation Under God? Religion and American Culture (Marjorie Garber et al., eds.) (1999).

Islamic Law, in A Companion to Feminist Philosophy (Blackwell) (1998).

A Critique of Personal Status Codes in Selected Arab Countries, in United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia, Series of Studies on Arab Women and Development (1997).

Qur'anic Foundations of the Rights of Muslim Women in the Twenty-First Century, in Women in Indonesian Society: Access, Empowerment, and Opportunity (Sunan Kalijaga Press) (M. Mudzhar et al., eds.) (1997).

Marriage and Divorce: Legal Foundations, in The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World (Oxford University Press) (John Esposito, ed.) (1995).

Book Reviews

An Introduction to Muslim Women's Rights, Windows of Faith: Muslim Women Scholar-Activists in North America (Gisela Webb, ed.) (2000).

Conference Proceedings

Islam, Law and Custom: Redefining Muslim Women's Rights, International Conference on Islamic Laws and Women in the Modern World (1997).

Family Planning and Islamic Jurisprudence, Religious and Ethical Perspectives On Population Issues, 2 (The Religious Consultation on Population, Reproductive Health and Ethics) (1993).

Magazine/Trade Publications
B.A., American University of Beirut 1966
J.D., University of Pennsylvania Law School 1985
Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania 1975
Contact Information
(202) 234 7302
(202) 234 7304 (Fax)
Areas of Expertise
Islamic Jurisprudence
Islamic Family Law and Constitutional Law
Women's Rights
Freedom of Religion